IBA Poiplie


Districts: Levice, Lučenec, Veľký Krtíš
Altitude: 125 m – 204 m
Area: 92,35 km2


The site can be characterized as a preserved alluvial part of the Ipeľ River with riparian vegetation, wet and irregularly flooded meadows and wetlands. It is an important birding area that interlocks to the similar area in neighboring Hungary. In the area can be found intensively used agricultural lowland ecosystems. The landscape is a mixture of fields, orchards and vineyards with complement of xerothermic vegetation and communities on alluvial sands.

Area protection

IBA Poiplie was designated a Special Protection Area (SPA) on January 7, 2008.


The wetlands of Poiplie are important for nesting of waterfowl and bird species living near the water. It represents one of the five most important nesting sites of White Stork (Ciconia ciconia), Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus), Little Bittern (Ixobrychus minutus), Spotted Crake (Porzana porzana) and Little Crake (Porzana parva). Widespread open agricultural landscape provides nesting potential for species of steppe habitats. Site is an important regional migrating corridor for waterfowl.

Qualifying species

Species Breeding population Criterion
Pop.min. Pop.max.
White Stork - Ciconia ciconia 50 60 C6
Marsh Harrier - Circus aeruginosus 20 30 C6
Spotted Crake - Porzana porzana 15 25 C6
Little Crake - Porzana parva 10 20 C6
Common Kingfisher - Alcedo atthis 30 60 C6
Syrian Woodpecker - Dendrocopos syriacus 30 70 C6
Lesser Grey Shrike - Lanius minor 20 30 C6
Little Bittern – Ixobrychus minutus 6 15 C6

Other important species

Common Quail (Coturnix coturnix), Scops Owl (Otus scops), Bee-eater (Merops apiaster), Crested Lark (Galerida cristata), Sand Martin (Riparia riparia), Common Stonechat (Saxicola torquata), Barred Warbler (Sylvia nisoria)

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