IBA Dunajské luhy

Dunajské luhy

Districts: Bratislava I, Bratislava II, Bratislava IV, Bratislava V, Dunajská Streda, Komárno, Nové Zámky, Senec
Altitude: 107 m – 156 m
Area: 188,45 km2

Description

The territory is a part of the inland delta of the Danube in Central Europe. It presents a unique mosaic of aquatic, wetland and forest ecosystems. There are places where grassland habitats (Bodíky, Veľký Lél, Iža) and habitats with xerophilous vegetation (Ostrov Kopáč, Ostrovné lúčky) have been maintained. Alluvial forests have been converted to areas with monocultures of cultivated poplars. But the fragments of original alluvial forests still can be found in area below Bratislava and between Šamorín and Komárno. Large reservoir Hrušovská zdrž with a man-made bird island is a very important area for wintering of waterfowl. The upper parts of reservoir have been significantly overgrown by reed.

Area protection

IBA Dunajské luhy was designated a Special Protection Area (SPA) on October 24, 2008.

Other protected areas in the region of IBA Dunajské luhy: Protected Landscape Area Dunajské luhy

Importance

The area is an important nesting site for alluvial forest bird species, as well as water birds and other bird species which are ecologically associated to water habitats. The largest Slovak colonies of Common Tern (Sterna hirundo) and Mediterranean Gull (Ichthyaetus melanocephalus/Larus melanocephalus) nest on the islands of Hrušovská zdrž. The largest national population of White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) nests in the system of distributaries of the alluvial forests. Seeping canals are important for nesting of Anseriformes. Aquatic ecosystems (especially Hrušovská zdrž reservoir, the main stream of the Danube and the branch system) are important refuges for nonbreeding aquatic species of birds in spring and summer. The Danube is the most important area for wintering of waterfowl in Slovakia and belongs to major international migration corridors.

Qualifying species

Species Breeding population Nonbreeding season (ind.) Criterion
Pop.min. Pop.max. Migrating Wintering
Great Cormorant – Phalacrocorax carbo 1450 C4
Pygmy Cormorant - Phalacrocorax pygmeus 120 C1
Little Bittern - Ixobrychus minutus 12 34 C6
Mallard - Anas platyrhynchos 19700 C4
Pochard - Aythya ferina 16000 C4
Pochard - Aythya ferina 9000 C3
Tufted Duck - Aythya fuligula 28000 C4
Tufted Duck - Aythya fuligula 10000 28000 C3
Common Goldeneye - Bucephala clangula 9000 C4
Smew - Mergellus albellus 600 C4
Smew - Mergellus albellus 600 C3
Black Kite - Milvus migrans 5 6 C6
White-tailed Eagle - Haliaeetus albicilla 1 4 C1
Coot - Fulica atra 3140 C4
Mediterranean Gull - Larus melanocephalus 30 70 C6
Black-headed Gull - Larus ridibundus 940 C4
Common Gull - Larus canus 670 C4
Common Tern - Sterna hirundo 110 240 C6
Common Kingfisher - Alcedo atthis 20 45 C6

Other important species

Black Stork (Ciconia nigra), Gadwall (Anas strepera), Garganey (Anas querquedula), Red-crested Pochard (Netta rufina), Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula), Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus), Common Redshank (Tringa totanus), Sand Martin (Riparia riparia), Tawny Pipit (Anthus campestris)

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