IBA Medzibodrožie


Districts: Michalovce, Trebišov
Altitude: 95 m – 275 m
Area: 357,54 km2


This flat area is occupying the southern part of Východoslovenská rovina flatland. Intensively used agricultural landscape is prevailing with relatively dense network of oxbow lakes, wet terrain depressions, canals and alluvial meadows. There can be found well preserved alluvial forests alongside the rivers, while the southern part can be characterized by xerothermic sand habitats.

Area protection

IBA Medzibodrožie was designated a Special Protection Area (SPA) on January 7, 2008.
Other protected areas in the region of IBA Medzibodrožie: Protected Landscape Area Latorica


The area is most important in Slovakia for a wide range of waterfowl, species living near the water and species that are breeding in meadow and xerothermic sand habitats. In the territory are nesting the largest Slovak populations of Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea), Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax), Bittern (Botaurus stellaris), Little Bittern (Ixobrychus minutus), Black Tern (Chlidonias niger), Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus), White Stork (Ciconia ciconia) and Little Crake (Porzana parva). According to the data it is suggested that 3-5 pairs of Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca) are regularly nesting here.

Qualifying species

Species Breeding population Criterion
Pop.min. Pop.max.
Bittern – Botaurus stellaris 25 30 C6
Little Bittern – Ixobrychus minutus 35 45 C6
Night Heron – Nycticorax nycticorax 250 400 C6
Little Egret – Egretta garzetta 5 15 C6
Great Egret – Egretta alba 10 20 C6
Purple Heron – Ardea purpurea 15 25 C6
Black Stork – Ciconia nigra 20 22 C6
White Stork – Ciconia ciconia 85 100 C6
Ferruginous Duck – Aythya nyroca 3 5 C6
Black Kite – Milvus migrans 3 5 C6
Marsh Harrier – Circus aeruginosus 55 65 C6
Hen Harrier – Circus pygargus 3 5 C6
Whiskered Tern – Chlidonias hybridus 10 60 C6
Black Tern – Chlidonias niger 5 15 C6
Tawny Pipit – Anthus campestris 40 60 C6
Red-backed Shrike – Lanius collurio 2700 5300 C6
Lesser Grey Shrike – Lanius minor 10 15 C6
Little Crake – Porzana parva 10 20 C6

Other important species

Garganey (Anas querquedula), Honey Buzzard (Pernis apivorus), Common Quail (Coturnix coturnix), Corncrake (Crex crex), Common Redshank (Tringa totanus), Turtle Dove (Streptopelia turtur), Scops Owl (Otus scops), Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis), Bee-eater (Merops apiaster), Wryneck (Jynx torquilla), Syrian Woodpecker (Dendrocopos syriacus), Middle Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos medius), Crested Lark (Galerida cristata), Woodlark (Lullula arborea), Sand Martin (Riparia riparia), Common Stonechat (Saxicola torquata), Barred Warbler (Sylvia nisoria), Spotted Flycatcher (Muscicapa striata), Collared Flycatcher (Ficedula albicollis)

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