IBA Senné


Districts: Michalovce, Sobrance
Altitude: 100 m – 104 m
Area: 14,90 km2


The site is a system of fishponds with commercial use and an adjacent fishpond that belongs to NPR (National Nature Reserve) Senianske rybníky. Fishponds are strongly overgrown with water macrophytes. The fishponds are surrounded with meadows that are almost without any agricultural use.

Area protection

IBA Senné was designated a Special Protection Area (SPA) Senianske rybníky on September 17, 2009.
Other protected areas in the region of IBA Senianske rybníky: National Nature Reserve Senianske rybníky


The area is important breeding site for waterfowl and bird species bound to water. This fishpond system is the only nesting site of Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia) in Slovakia and irregular nesting site of Avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta). It is also a nesting site of the largest national population of Great Egret (Egretta alba), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta) and Whiskered Tern (Chlidonias hybridus).  Fishponds with surrounding meadows are important migration halt for migrating waterfowl. During the spring migration on the wet meadows there can be found large amount of Waders, mostly Ruffs (Philomachus pugnax).

Qualifying species

Species Breeding population Nonbreed. season (ind.) Criterion
Pop.min. Pop.max. Migrating Wintering
Bittern – Botaurus stellaris 5 11 C6
Night Heron – Nycticorax nycticorax 80 130 C6
Little Egret – Egretta garzetta 10 20 C6
Great Egret – Egretta alba 43 65 C6
Purple Heron – Ardea purpurea 0 24 C6
Spoonbill – Platalea leucorodia 0 32 C6
Marsh Harrier – Circus aeruginosus 20 40 C6
Avocet – Recurvirostra avosetta 0 11 C6
Ruff – Philomachus pugnax 30000 C4
Whiskered Tern – Chlidonias hybridus 0 200 C6

Other important species

Common Redshank (Tringa totanus)

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