IBA Vihorlat


Districts: Humenné, Michalovce, Snina, Sobrance
Altitude: 118 m – 1073 m
Area: 539,44 km2


It is a mountainous, mostly forested area with predominance of beech forests, oak-beech forests and oak forests. Arable land and unused pastures can be found in the non-forested and foothill area. There can be found also mountain meadows in a lesser extent.

Area protection

IBA Vihorlat was designated a Special Protection Area (SPA) Vihorlatské vrchy on April 16, 2010.
Other protected areas in the region of IBA Vihorlat: Protected Landscape Area Vihorlat


The most significant Slovak population of Short-toed Eagle (Circaetus gallicus) is nesting here. It is an important breeding site of forest bird species, bird species that nest and hunt on the meadows, pastures and bush habitats.

Qualifying species

Species Breeding population Criterion
Pop.min. Pop.max.
Short-toed Eagle –  Circaetus gallicus 2 4 C6
Ural Owl – Strix uralensis 100 200 C6
Middle Spotted Woodpecker – Dendrocopos medius 225 375 C6
White-Backed Woodpecker – Dendrocopos leucotos 140 220 C6
Barred Warbler – Sylvia nisoria 500 700 C6

Other important species

Black Stork (Ciconia nigra), Honey Buzzard (Pernis apivorus), Lesser Spotted Eagle (Aquila pomarina), Hazel Grouse (Tetrastes bonasia/Bonasa bonasia), Common Quail (Coturnix coturnix), Corncrake (Crex crex), Turtle Dove (Streptopelia turtur), Scops Owl (Otus scops), Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo), European Nightjar (Caprimulgus europaeus), Wryneck (Jynx torquilla), Grey-headed Woodpecker (Picus canus), Black Woodpecker (Dryocopus martius), Woodlark (Lullula arborea), Common Redstart (Phoenicurus phoenicurus), Common Stonechat (Saxicola torquata), Spotted Flycatcher (Muscicapa striata), Red-breasted Flycatcher (Ficedula parva), Collared Flycatcher (Ficedula albicollis), Red-backed Shrike (Lanius collurio)

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